# Documentation/Calc Functions/COVARIANCE.S

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## Function name:

COVARIANCE.S

## Category:

Statistical Analysis

## Summary:

Returns the covariance of the product of paired deviations, for a sample of the population.

## Syntax:

COVARIANCE.S(**Data1**; **Data2**)

## Returns:

Returns a real number which is the sample covariance (the average of the products of deviation) for each data point pair in two data sets, **Data1** and **Data2**.

## Arguments:

**Data1** is a reference to a range of cells that is considered the first data set.

**Data2** is a reference to a range of cells which is considered the second data set.

- If a cell contains text, logical values, or empty cells, then the function ignores these values.
- If
**Data1**and**Data2**have different number of data points then the function returns an error value. - If the standard deviation of
**Data1**and**Data2**is 0 then the function returns an error value. - If any of the arguments is empty, or if the standard deviation of their values equals zero, COVARIANCE.S returns an error value.

## Additional details:

- For more details on COVARIANCE.S, visit Wikipedia.

## Examples:

Data1 | Data2 | |
---|---|---|

1 | 195 | 200 |

2 | 151 | 180 |

3 | 148 | 178 |

4 | 189 | 165 |

5 | 183 | 192 |

6 | 154 | 144 |

Formula | Description | Returns |
---|---|---|

=COVARIANCE.S(A1:A6;B1:B6) | The function calculates the sample covariance (the average of the products of deviations) for each data point pair in two data sets, Data1 and Data2. |
198.2 |

## Related LibreOffice functions:

## ODF standard:

None

## Equivalent Excel functions:

COVARIANCE.S