Macros/Basic/Calc/Rangos

From The Document Foundation Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Macros/Basic/Calc/Ranges and the translation is 100% complete.
Other languages:
English • ‎español • ‎italiano

Return to Index

Rangos

Celda por nombre

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    cell = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1")

Celda por posición

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet

    'Cell C6
    column = 2
    row = 5
    cell = sheet.getCellByPosition(column, row)

Rango por nombre

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B5:D10")

Rango por posición

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet

    'Range B5:D10
    start_column = 1
    start_row = 4
    end_column = 3
    end_row = 9
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByPosition(start_column, start_row, end_column, end_row)

Obtener dirección como cadena

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet

    cell = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B2")
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B2:C5")

    Msgbox cell.AbsoluteName
    Msgbox range.AbsoluteName

Obtener dirección como estructura

  • Solo para celdas

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet

    cell = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B2")
    address = cell.CellAddress

    Msgbox address.Column
    Msgbox address.Row

  • Para rangos

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet

    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B2:C5")
    address = range.RangeAddress

    Msgbox address.StartColumn
    Msgbox address.StartRow
    Msgbox address.EndColumn
    Msgbox address.EndRow

Grupo de rangos

  • Crear y agregar rangos

doc = ThisComponent
    sheet = doc.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    group = doc.createInstance("com.sun.star.sheet.SheetCellRanges")

    range1 = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1:B2")
    range2 = sheet.getCellRangeByName("D5:F10")
    range3 = sheet.getCellRangeByName("H15:J20")

    group.addRangeAddress(range1.RangeAddress, False)
    group.addRangeAddress(range2.RangeAddress, False)
    group.addRangeAddress(range3.RangeAddress, False)

    MsgBox group.RangeAddressesAsString

  • Podemos usar un array

ranges = Array(range1.RangeAddress, range2.RangeAddress, range3.RangeAddress)
    group.addRangeAddresses(ranges, False)

  • Borrar

group.removeRangeAddress(range2.RangeAddress)

Columnas

  • Contar

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("D5:F10")

    MsgBox range.Columns.Count

  • Acceso por índice

MsgBox range.Columns(0).Name

  • Acceso por nombre

MsgBox range.Columns("E").Name

Filas

  • Contar

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("D5:F10")

    MsgBox range.Rows.Count

  • Acceso por índice

MsgBox range.Rows(1).AbsoluteName

Selección actual

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    MsgBox selection.ImplementationName

PRECAUCIÓN: La selección actual pueden ser muchas cosas.

Si la selección es: ImplementationName
Celda ScCellObj
Rango ScCellRangeObj
Rangos ScCellRangesObj
Columnas ScTableColumnsObj
Filas ScTableRowsObj
Forma com.sun.star.drawing.SvxShapeCollection

Rangos con nombre

  • Administrar nombres Ctrl+F3

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    range = sheet.getCellRangeByName("Address")

    MsgBox range.AbsoluteName

  • Contar

names = ThisComponent.NamedRanges
    MsgBox names.Count

  • Acceso por índice

range = names(0)
    MsgBox range.Name

  • Acceso por nombre

range = names("Address")
    MsgBox range.Name

  • Agregar nuevo

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    cell = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1")
    names = ThisComponent.NamedRanges
    flag = 0
    names.addNewByName("NewData", "$A$1:$B$7", cell.CellAddress, flag)

Para el argumento flags mira: NamedRangeFlag

  • Borrar

names.removeByName("NewData")

  • Exportar lista

names.outputList(cell.CellAddress)

Cursores

  • Crear desde rango

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    cell = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1")

    cursor = sheet.createCursorByRange(cell)
    MsgBox cursor.ImplementationName

  • Mover a la siguiente celda

cursor.gotoNext()

  • Mover a la celda previa.

cursor.gotoPrevious()

  • Mover a (Columnas, Filas).

cursor.gotoOffset(2, 5)

  • Mover al inicio

cursor.gotoStart()

  • Mover al final

cursor.gotoEnd()

  • Expandir a la región actual

cursor.collapseToCurrentRegion()

Tip: Obtener la última fila usada en el rango.

cursor.gotoEnd()
    MsgBox cursor.RangeAddress.EndRow

    'Or

    cursor.collapseToCurrentRegion()
    MsgBox cursor.RangeAddress.EndRow

  • Expandir a la matriz actual

cursor.collapseToCurrentArray()

  • Expandir a las celdas combinadas.

cursor.collapseToMergedArea()

  • Expandir a columnas enteras.

cursor.expandToEntireColumns()

  • Expandir a filas enteras.

cursor.expandToEntireRows()

  • Cambiar el tamaño del rango.

columns = 2
    rows = 5
    cursor.collapseToSize(columns, rows)

  • Mover al inicio del área de usuario.

cursor.gotoStartOfUsedArea(False)

  • Mover al final del área de usuario.

cursor.gotoEndOfUsedArea(False)

Argumento para expandir (True) o no (False) la selección del rango.


Selecciones especiales

Tip: Todos los siguiente métodos, siempre regresan un grupo de rangos (ScCellRangesObj).

  • Obtener las celdas visibles.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    ranges = selection.queryVisibleCells()

  • Obtener las celdas vacías.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    ranges = selection.queryEmptyCells()

  • Obtener las celdas con texto.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    ranges = selection.queryContentCells(com.sun.star.sheet.CellFlags.STRING)

Mira: CellFlags

Tip: Puedes sumar dos o más valores.

  • Obtener celdas con error en la formula.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    ranges = selection.queryFormulaCells(com.sun.star.sheet.FormulaResult.ERROR)

Mira: FormulaResult

  • Obtener valores diferentes por columna.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    source = selection.getCellByPosition(0, 0)
    ranges = selection.queryColumnDifferences(source.CellAddress)

  • Obtener valores diferentes por fila.

selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection
    source = selection.getCellByPosition(0, 0)
    ranges = selection.queryRowDifferences(source.CellAddress)

  • Obtener la intersección de rangos.

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    range1 = sheet.getCellRangeByName("B2:I11")
    range2 = sheet.getCellRangeByName("G8:N17")

    ranges = rango1.queryIntersection(rango2.RangeAddress)


Trabajando con rangos

Copiar

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    source = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1:B3")
    target = sheet.getCellRangeByName("D10")

    sheet.copyRange(target.CellAddress, source.RangeAddress)

Podemos copiar columnas y filas, pero hay que asegurarse que la celda destino es la primer celda.

source_columns = sheet.Columns(2)
    source_rows = sheet.Rows(1)

    target_column = sheet.getCellRangeByName("H1")  'First row
    target_row = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A20")    'First column

Mover

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    source = sheet.getCellRangeByName("A1:B3")
    target = sheet.getCellRangeByName("D10")

    sheet.moveRange(target.CellAddress, source.RangeAddress)

Insertar

  • Insertar y mover celdas abajo

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    target = CreateUnoStruct("com.sun.star.table.CellRangeAddress")

    With target
        .Sheet = sheet.RangeAddress.Sheet
        .StartColumn = 1
        .StartRow = 1
        .EndColumn = 3
        .EndRow = 3
    End With

    sheet.insertCells(target, com.sun.star.sheet.CellInsertMode.DOWN)

Para otras opciones ver: CellInsertMode

  • Insertar columnas

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    start = 4
    columns = 2
    sheet.Columns.insertByIndex(start, columns)

  • Insertar filas

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    start = 2
    rows = 5
    sheet.Rows.insertByIndex(start, rows)

Borrar

  • Borrar y mover las celdas arriba

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    selection = ThisComponent.CurrentSelection

    sheet.removeRange(selection.RangeAddress, com.sun.star.sheet.CellDeleteMode.UP)

Para otras opciones ver: CellDeleteMode

  • Borrar columnas

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    start = 0
    columns = 2
    sheet.Columns.removeByIndex(start, columns)

  • Borrar filas

sheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    start = 9
    rows = 3
    sheet.Rows.removeByIndex(start, rows)