# Documentation/Calc Functions/COUNTIFS

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## Function name:

COUNTIFS

## Category:

Statistical Analysis

## Summary:

Returns the count of cells that meet criteria in multiple ranges.

## Syntax:

COUNTIFS(**Range1**; **Criterion1** [; **Range2**; **Criterion2** [; ... ;[**Range127**; **Criterion127**]])

## Returns:

Returns a non-negative integer value which is the number of cells in **Range1**, **Range2**, .... **Range127** which meet their corresponding criteria **Criterion1**, **Criterion2**, ... **Criterion127**.

## Arguments:

**Range1** is a range of cells, a name of a named range or a label of a column or a row containing values for counting and finding the corresponding criterion.

**Criterion1** is a string expression representing a logical condition or a cell reference to such string expression. The expression can contain text, numbers, regular expressions or wildcards (if enabled in calculation options). If you put the criteria in a cell as a string, quotation marks(") are not required.

**Range2** and all the following mean the same as **Range1**.

**Criterion2** and all the following mean the same as **Criterion1**.

**Range1**,**Range2**, ... and**Criterion1**,**Criterion2**, ... must have the same size, otherwise the function returns err:502 - Invalid argument.- The logical relation between criteria can be defined as logical AND (conjunction). In other words, if and only if all given criteria are met, a value from the corresponding cell of the given range is taken into calculation.
- If a cell contains TRUE, it is treated as 1, if a cell contains FALSE – as 0 (zero).

## Additional details:

The search supports wildcards or regular expressions. With regular expressions enabled, you can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must either precede every character with a "\" character, or enclose the text into \Q...\E. You can switch the automatic evaluation of wildcards or regular expression on and off in **Tools > Options > LibreOffice Calc > Calculate**.

## Examples:

Consider the following table

A | B | C | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Product Name | Sales | Revenue |

2 | pencil | 20 | 65 |

3 | pen | 35 | 85 |

4 | notebook | 20 | 190 |

5 | book | 17 | 180 |

6 | pencil-case | not | not |

In all examples below, ranges for calculation contain the row #6, which is ignored because it contains text.

### Simple usage

Formula | Description | Returns |
---|---|---|

=COUNTIFS(B2:B6;">=20") | Counts the number of rows of the range B2:B6 with values greater than or equal to 20. Here the fifth and the sixth rows do not meet the criterion. | 3 |

=COUNTIFS(B2:B6;">=20";C2:C6;">70") | Counts the number of rows that contain simultaneously values greater than 70 in the C2:C6 range and values greater than or equal to 20 in the B2:B6 range. Here the second, the fifth and the sixth rows do not meet at least one criterion. | 2 |

### Using regular expressions and nested functions

Formula | Description | Returns |
---|---|---|

=COUNTIFS(B2:B6;"[:alpha:]*") | Counts the number of rows of the B2:B6 range that contain only alphabet symbols. Here only the sixth row meets the criterion. | 1 |

=COUNTIFS(B2:B6;">"&MIN(B2:B6);B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6)) | Counts the number of rows of the B2:B6 range excluding rows with minimum and maximum values of this range. Here the third, the fifth, and the sixth rows do not meet at least one criterion. | 2 |

=COUNTIFS(A2:A6;"pen.*";B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6)) | Counts the number of rows that correspond to all cells of the A2:A6 range starting with "pen" and to all cells of the B2:B6 range with exception of its maximum. Here only second row meets all criteria. | 1 |

### Using wildcard characters

The wildcard characters question mark (?), asterisk(*), or tilde (~) can be used in criteria. A question mark (?) matches any one character and an asterisk (*) matches zero or more characters of any kind.

Formula | Description | Returns |
---|---|---|

=COUNTIFS(A2:A6;"*pen*") | The function searches which cells from the range A2:A6 contain the word “pen” anywhere. Here the second, third and sixth rows participate in the calculation. | 3 |

### Reference to a cell as a criterion

If you need to change a criterion easily, you may want to specify it in a separate cell and use a reference to this cell in the condition of the COUNTIFS function. For example, the above function can be rewritten as follows:

Formula | Description | Returns |
---|---|---|

=COUNTIFS(A2:A6;E2&".*";B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6)) where E2 = pen | Here the link to the cell is substituted with its content and it works as a function above. | 1 |

### More examples

For more examples, download and view this Calc spreadsheet.

## Related LibreOffice functions:

## ODF standard:

## Equivalent Excel functions:

COUNTIFS