Documentation/Calc Functions/PRODUCT

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Function name:

PRODUCT

Category:

Mathematical

Summary:

Calculates the product of a set of real numbers by multiplying them.

Syntax:

PRODUCT(Number 1 [; Number 2 [; … [; Number 255]]])

Returns:

Returns a real number that is the result of multiplying together the specified numbers.

Arguments:

Number 1, Number 2, … , Number 255 give the set of real numbers for which the product is to be calculated. Each argument may take one of the following forms:

  • A real number, or an expression that evaluates to a real number.
  • A reference to a single cell containing a real number.
  • A simple reference to a cell range containing real numbers (for example, A1:B9).
  • The name of a named range, comprising cells containing real numbers.
  • The name of a database range, comprising cells containing real numbers.
  • An inline array of real numbers (for example, {1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4}).

Note that although PRODUCT can accept up to 255 arguments, each argument could specify a range of cells. This means that the number of real numbers processed could be many more than 255.

The following conditions (including errors) may be encountered:

  • If any argument is a string in quotation marks, then PRODUCT reports a #VALUE! error.
  • Text and empty cells within a data range are ignored.
  • If there are no supplied numbers, or any supplied value is equal to 0, then PRODUCT returns the value 0.
  • If only one value is supplied, then PRODUCT returns that value.

Additional details:

  • If N1, N2, …, Nk represent a set of k real numbers passed to the function, the formula for PRODUCT is:

[math]\displaystyle{ \text{PRODUCT}(N_{1}; N_{2}; ...; N_{k})=N_{1}\times N_{2}\times ...\times N_{k} }[/math]

  • PRODUCT ignores any text or empty cells within a data range. If you suspect wrong results, look for text within the supplied data range(s). To highlight text content within a data range, use Calc's View > Value Highlighting feature.

Examples:

Formula Description Returns
=PRODUCT(2; 3; 4) Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2\times3\times4 }[/math] and returns the result. 24
=PRODUCT(A1:A3; B1:B2) where cells A1, A2, A3, B1, and B2 contain the numbers 2.2, 3, -5, 1.3, and -7 respectively. Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2.2\times3\times-5\times1.3\times-7 }[/math] and returns the result. 300.3
=PRODUCT({2; 4; 6; 8}) Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2\times4\times6\times8 }[/math] and returns the result. 384

Related LibreOffice functions:

IMPRODUCT

SUM

ODF standard:

Section 6.16.47, part 2

Equivalent Excel functions:

PRODUCT