Documentation/Calc Functions/PRODUCT

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    Calculates the product of a set of real numbers by multiplying them.


    PRODUCT(Number 1 [; Number 2 [; … [; Number 255]]])


    Returns a real number that is the result of multiplying together the specified numbers.


    Number 1, Number 2, … , Number 255 give the set of real numbers for which the product is to be calculated. Each argument may take one of the following forms:

    • A real number, or an expression that evaluates to a real number.
    • A reference to a single cell containing a real number.
    • A simple reference to a cell range containing real numbers (for example, A1:B9).
    • The name of a named range, comprising cells containing real numbers.
    • The name of a database range, comprising cells containing real numbers.
    • An inline array of real numbers (for example, {1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4}).

    Note that although PRODUCT can accept up to 255 arguments, each argument could specify a range of cells. This means that the number of real numbers processed could be many more than 255.

    The following conditions (including errors) may be encountered:

    • If any argument is a string in quotation marks, then PRODUCT reports a #VALUE! error.
    • Text and empty cells within a data range are ignored.
    • If there are no supplied numbers, or any supplied value is equal to 0, then PRODUCT returns the value 0.
    • If only one value is supplied, then PRODUCT returns that value.

    Additional details:

    • If N1, N2, …, Nk represent a set of k real numbers passed to the function, the formula for PRODUCT is:

    [math]\displaystyle{ \text{PRODUCT}(N_{1}; N_{2}; ...; N_{k})=N_{1}\times N_{2}\times ...\times N_{k} }[/math]

    • PRODUCT ignores any text or empty cells within a data range. If you suspect wrong results, look for text within the supplied data range(s). To highlight text content within a data range, use Calc's View ▸ Value Highlighting feature.


    Formula Description Returns
    =PRODUCT(2; 3; 4) Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2\times3\times4 }[/math] and returns the result. 24
    =PRODUCT(A1:A3; B1:B2) where cells A1, A2, A3, B1, and B2 contain the numbers 2.2, 3, -5, 1.3, and -7 respectively. Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2.2\times3\times-5\times1.3\times-7 }[/math] and returns the result. 300.3
    =PRODUCT({2; 4; 6; 8}) Here the function calculates [math]\displaystyle{ 2\times4\times6\times8 }[/math] and returns the result. 384

    Related LibreOffice functions:



    ODF standard:

    Section 6.16.47, part 2

    Related (or similar) Excel functions: