Documentation/Calc Functions/MAXIFS

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Function name:

MAXIFS

Category:

Statistical Analysis

Summary:

Returns the maximum of the values of cells in a range that meets multiple criteria in multiple ranges.

Syntax:

MAXIFS(Func_Range; Range1; Criterion1 [ ; Range2; Criterion2 [;...]]))

Returns:

Arguments:

Func_Range – required argument. A range of cells, a name of a named range or a label of a column or a row containing values for calculating the maximum.

Criterion1 – required argument. A string expression representing a logical condition or a cell reference to such string expression. The expression can contain text, numbers, regular expressions or wildcards (if enabled in calculation options).

Range2 – Optional. Range2 and all the following mean the same as Range1.

Criterion2 – Optional. Criterion2 and all the following mean the same as Criterion1.

The search supports wildcards or regular expressions. With regular expressions enabled, you can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must either precede every character with a "\" character, or enclose the text into \Q...\E. You can switch the automatic evaluation of wildcards or regular expression on and off in Tools > Options > LibreOffice Calc > Calculate.

When using functions where one or more arguments are search criteria strings that represents a regular expression, the first attempt is to convert the string criteria to numbers. For example, ".0" will convert to 0.0 and so on. If successful, the match will not be a regular expression match but a numeric match. However, when switching to a locale where the decimal separator is not the dot makes the regular expression conversion work. To force the evaluation of the regular expression instead of a numeric expression, use some expression that can not be misread as numeric, such as ".[0]" or ".\0" or "(?i).0".

Func_Range and Range1, Range2... must have the same size, otherwise the function returns err:502 - Invalid argument. note

The logical relation between criteria can be defined as logical AND (conjunction). In other words, if and only if all given criteria are met, a value from the corresponding cell of the given Func_Range is taken into calculation.

The function can have up to 255 arguments, meaning that you can specify 127 criteria ranges and criteria for them.

If a cell contains TRUE, it is treated as 1, if a cell contains FALSE – as 0 (zero).

Additional details:

Examples:

Consider the following table

A B C
1 Product Name Sales Revenue
2 pencil 20 65
3 pen 35 85
4 notebook 20 190
5 book 17 180
6 pencil-case not not

In all examples below, ranges for calculation contain the row #6, which is ignored because it contains text.

Simple usage

=MAXIFS(B2:B6;B2:B6;"<35")

Calculates the maximum of values of the range B2:B6 that are greater than or equal to 20. Returns 35. The fifth row does not meet the criterion.

=MAXIFS(C2:C6;B2:B6;">=20";C2:C6;"<90")

Calculates the maximum of values of the range C2:C6 that are lower than 90 and correspond to cells of the B2:B6 range with values greater than or equal to 20. Returns 85, because the fourth and fifth rows do not meet at least one criterion.

Using regular expressions and nested functions

=MAXIFS(C2:C6;B2:B6;">"&MIN(B2:B6);B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6))

Calculates the maximum of values of the range C2:C6 that correspond to all values of the range B2:B6 except its minimum and maximum. Returns 190, because only the fourth row meet the criteria.

=MAXIFS(C2:C6;A2:A6;"pen.*";B2:B6;"<="&MAX(B2:B6))

Calculates the maximum of values of the range C2:C6 that correspond to all cells of the A2:A6 range starting with "pen" and to all cells of the B2:B6 range except its maximum. Returns 85, because only the third row meets all criteria.

Reference to a cell as a criterion

If you need to change a criterion easily, you may want to specify it in a separate cell and use a reference to this cell in the condition of the MAXIFS function. For example, the above function can be rewritten as follows:

=MAXIFS(C2:C6;A2:A6;E2&".*";B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6))

If E2 = "pen", the function returns 65, because the reference to the cell is substituted with its content.

More examples

For more examples, download and view this Calc spreadsheet.

Related LibreOffice functions:

AVERAGEIFS
COUNTIFS
MAX
MAXA
MIN
MINA
MINIFS
SUMIFS

ODF standard:

This function is part of the Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) standard Version 1.2. (ISO/IEC 26300:2-2015)

Equivalent Excel functions: