MozTrap/User Guide

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Introduction

This guide describes step by step how QA people could do some basic tasks in MozTrap.

Registration and Login

Figure 1: Login MozTrap

To be able to start with the tests you will need to own a user account. MozTrap supports Mozilla Persona login and native login. You are free to use any of them at any time. Email is the only thing will be aware to identify your account.


Login with OpenID

After you have selected this alternative on the login page:

Login with Wordpress account

To use this possibility you have to log in to Wordpress before. Then simply insert your wordpress-id like http://MyName.wordpress.com into the OpenID pane and click ok

Login with Mozilla Persona

Mozilla Persona is a generic way of login, not only restrictively available for MozTrap but also other web applications. Assume you do already know what Persona is and want to login MozTrap with it, simply click the Sign in button (figure 1) and follow the instruction in the pop-up window.

Native Registration to MozTrap

By native login method, you need to register to MozTrap. After a registration, a confirmation mail will be sent to your registered email box, click the link inside to activate the account.

Default permission

With any of the login method above, the Libreoffice community automatically assign your account as a Tester. You can login in your account MozTrap and start to test without any special permission request.

Run Tests

This section will give a detailed steps to show you how to run a test in MozTrap.

Select Test Run and Environment

Figure 2: Select test run and configure environment
  1. In the Run Tests tab, select proper:
    • Product - usually Libreoffice is the only choice
    • Versions - usually it should be the latest version, which requires urgent testing
    • Runs - choose either regression test or feature test you are interested in running
  2. In the "SET YOUR ENVIRONMENT" section, select proper environment elements reflecting your real testing environments
    • Arch
    • Locale
    • Platform
  3. Press "Run tests in ..." button to proceed.


Select Test Case

Figure 3: Selecting and executing test cases

As shown in figure 3, MozTrap has a integrated UI to view and execute test cases in a selected test run.

In the interface, it is easy to see all test cases are listed as rows. Clicking any of the rows will expand the detailed description and executing UI of a specific test case, namely make it selected.

As mentioned above, by design MozTrap shows of all test cases in a paginated way. So it is important to inform that MozTrap allows testers to filter test cases among the large test case set in a particular test run. A common method is to filter test cases by clicking tags appended to the test case Name. For example, clicking p1 tag will make all p1 test cases shown and clicking writer tag will make all writer test cases filtered out. A more complicated filtering can be done either by typing in the "RUN TESTS" filter box or clicking Advanced Filtering>> button located right on the top of the test case list.

In addition, you may notice some of the test cases were already marked as PASSED or FAILED in their Results field, although you never run them before. Actually it means the test cases have been run by other people in the exactly same environment as you are in, you probably do not want to repeat the exact same test execution. Therefore those test cases having Pending status in the Results field would usually be more worthy of running.

Finally p1 (high priority) test cases are the most important and basic functions a Libreoffice version could provided. Testers are encouraged to finish p1 test cases in most of the testing phases and scenarios.


Execute Test and report results

After selecting a test case by expanding a test case row, you will see instructions describing how should a test be executed. Simply following up the steps in the description and record the results you observed is all you need to do here. To record different kinds of results, you will want to click corresponding buttons as well as writing some short comments:

  • PASS TEST button - click it when all of the steps described in a test case is passed
  • FAIL STEP button - click it when a particular step described in a test case is failed, which will make the entire test case failed. You will have to input the explanation of how it failed in the subsequent text area. Optionally, you can also give a URL to Bugzilla where a bug document for the issue is reported.
  • Invalid button - it appears right next to the PASS TEST button as a exclamation mark in a yellow background. Click it when a test case carries obscure steps, invalid content or considerable misunderstanding. Test case managers will need to update those test cases according to your report. Also a brief explanation is a compulsory field to fulfill when you want to mark a test case Invalid.


Create New Test Cases

Get authentication

In the context of MozTrap, to create new test cases directly in it, you will need at least to be a Test Creator. Besides we have other ways to accept your new test cases, but they are so far out of this topic.

Add a new test case

Figure 4: Interface for test case management
Figure 5: Interface for creating a single test case

As figure 4 indicates, navigating to Manage->Cases tab will show you the layout to handle test cases.

To add a single test case, click the + create a test case button near the top right of the page. Then a creating test case page(figure 5) will allow you to input required information. The following describes some basic ideas behind fields to be filled:


  • Product - The product that owns this test case.
  • Version - The product version of this test case.
  • And Later Versions - Create a test case version for the specified Product Version as well as a case version for each later Product Version. (e.g.: if Product Versions 3, 4 and 5 exist for this Product, and you have specified Product Version 4, this case will be created for versions 4 and 5)
  • Suite - The existing suite to which you want this case to belong. You can also add cases to suites later.
  • Name - The summary name for the case.
  • Description - Any description, pre-conditions, links or notes to associate with the case. This field is displayed while running the test. Markdown syntax is supported.
  • Add Tags - Enter tags to apply to this case. Hit enter after each tag to see the tag chicklet displayed. Auto-completes for existing tags.
  • Add Attachment - You can attach files to cases that may help running the test. (e.g: images, audio, video, etc.)
  • Instruction / Expected - The test instruction and corresponding expected result. You can choose to put all instructions / expectations in one step, or break them down to individual steps. When running the test, you will have the option to fail on specific steps, so you may find this a better approach. Markdown syntax is supported.

After filling up all the required fields, click save test case button to save it. By default the test case is activated to direct use. Alternatively you could mark the test case as a 'disabled' or 'draft' document if further complementary will be needed.

Add bulk test cases

Figure 6: Interface for creating bulk test cases

As figure 4 indicates, navigating to Manage->Cases tab will show you the layout to handle test cases.

Bulk test cases creating time have no big conceptually difference from adding a single test case. Say when you have dozens of test cases, instead of clicking + create a test case button again and again to add them one by one, bulk test cases creating provides a way to allow you create many test cases in a single page and submit them conveniently.

Reviewing figrure 4, to add a bulk test cases, click the ++.. button on the left side of + create a test case. Then a bulk test case creation page will be shown like that appears in figure 6. The most distinct field is you need to follow some syntactical rules to organize those cases so that MozTrap is able to understand how to split them into single test cases and their steps. Currently Gherkin-esque format is the only syntax got supported.

Maintain Test Cases

Get authentication

In the context of MozTrap, to edit, clone and delete test cases directly in it, you will need at least to be a Test Manager. Besides we have other ways to accept your test case update suggestions, but they are so far out of this topic.

Edit, select environment, clone, and delete test cases

After authenticated as a test manager, you will be able to see the test case management icons, which are located on the left side of test cases summary, in the view shown in the figure 4. From left to right, they are edit, select environment, clone and delete.

  • Edit - allows you to update existing test cases.
  • Environment - allows you to narrow down the list of environments for a given test case. With this function, you can uncheck any environments that you do not want to apply the test case. You can also add environments back in that may have been previously removed. Just check or uncheck items to include or exclude them. Environment is an interesting topic, official MozTrap manual is helpful to thoroughly understand it.
  • Clone - allow you to make a hard copy of existing test cases.
  • Delete - allow you to remove a test cases thoroughly in all the versions it belongs to.


Review testing results

Figure 7: View results for all test runs
Figure 8: View all results for a specific test run
Figure 9: View results for all test cases

A Test Result stores the results of a single execution of one test case from a test run, in a particular environment, by a particular tester.

Reviewing testing results is straightforward.

To have an overview for the results of a test runs, as seen from the figure 7:

  • Navigate to View Results tab
  • Click Test Runs in the submenu

The Pass/Fail/Unclear icons as well as statistics will be shown in the last column of the view. You can click the triangle icon at the beginning of each test run to expand more detailed information, in which clicking See related test cases button is supposed to bring you to all testing results of particular test cases in that test run (figure 8).

Alternatively, to have an overview for the results of all test cases, as seen from the figure 8:

  • Navigate to View Results tab
  • Click Test Cases in the submenu

The Pass/Fail/Unclear icons as well as statistics will be shown in the last column of the view (figure 9). You can click the triangle icon at the beginning of each test run to expand more detailed information, in which clicking See related test results button is supposed to bring you to all testing results of the particular test case. Also, when the case has been executed, you can click the Pass/Fail/Unclear icons navigating to the exactly same page.