ضمان الجودة QA/الإبلاغ عن العِلَل

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This page is a translated version of the page QA/BugReport and the translation is 57% complete.
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سعيدون بأنك تلمست طريقك إلى هنا. انت على وشك القيام باسهام كبير في ليبر أوفيس LibreOffice. تقرير العلل الجيد مُعين جدا لمطوّرينا. تالياً ستجد بعض الإرشاد لجعل هذه العملية أكثر سهولة.

معلومات عامة

هل المشكلة حقاً علَّة ؟

فئة العِلَل أين تقدَّم العِلّة
إمتدادات ليبر أوفيس مع مؤلف الإمتداد
بنية المؤسسة TDF/ليبر أوفيس (المواقع، القوائم البريدية، وغيرها.) Redmine
بناء ليبر أوفيس القائمة البريدية للمطورين
اختبارات وحدات ليبر أوفيس القائمة البريدية للمطورين

قبل أن تقدّم عِلّة

Confirm that it really is a bug. Most of the time, a bug is something that makes the software behave in a way that a reasonable user would not want it to behave. This includes the software not doing what you want it to do, doing what you never asked it to do, or just plain crashing under normal use. Going behind the scenes, a bug may be something that causes the software to take a lot longer and use a lot more resources doing stuff than it should.

القائمة الحالية للمشاكل المختصة بأوبنتو متوفرة هنا

يجب أن تبلغ عن العلل المختصة بأوبنتو فقط إذا كنت قد ثبَّت LibreOffice من الـPPA المخصص.

اصدار أوبنتو 10.04 واصدار 10.10 لا يدعم LibreOffice
اذا كنت تستعمل اصدار أوبنتو 11.04 او أعلى افتح شاشة الاوامر ( تحت التطبيقات > الملحقات > شاشة الأوامر ) وقم بكتابة الأمر ubuntu-bug libreoffice[ادخال] ثم اتبع الاوامر لتكملة التقرير او استخدم هذا النموذج

تذكر ان تضيف التفاصيل مثل طريقة تثبيت LibreOffice , في اي بيئة عمل تعمل (32-bit or 64-bit) والخطوات لاعادة اصدارالمشكله

للإبلاغ عن علة مختصة بأوبنتو, اضطلع على قائمة المشاكل الحالية, ثم استخدمهذا النموذج وحدد libreoffice أسفلIn what package did you find this bug?. وتذكر أيضاً أن تكتب lo33 كوسم "tag" للبلاغ. 

  1. سجّل ملاحظات من أجل ان لا تنسى شيئاً كان يجري قرابة الوقت الذي ظهرت فيه العلّة. ماذا كنت تفعل، ماذا توقعت أن يحصل، وماذا حصل فعلا؟ كيف عرفت أن هناك شيئاً خاطئاً؟ أيمكنك إعادة توليد المسلك العللي؟
  2. افحص عن شبيه في تقارير العِلَل الحالية:
    1. إذهب إلى المكوِّنات، وحدد المكوِّن (أو المكوِّن الفرعي) المناسب.
    2. إذا حددت مكوِّناً: حدد المكوِّن الفرعي المناسب، أو المساعدة الموسَّعة Extended Help إذا لم ترَ المكوِّن الفرعي في تلك الصفحة.
    3. If you selected Extended Help: select the appropriate subcomponent, or the [1] at the bottom of the list if you did not find or do not know the appropriate subcomponent.
    4. You will see a list of bugs with that subcomponent. At the bottom of the page, select Edit Search. There, you can modify the search according to your needs.
    5. If you find a bug report that concerns your problem, you can contribute to it. If you don’t find a bug report that concerns your problem, file a new bug report.
  3. If the bug only occurs on Ubuntu or is related to printing, go to #More Information.
  4. After all that, if it does not look like there is a bug report about this issue, follow the instructions at #Submitting a bug.

تقديم عِلّة

File a separate bug report for each bug you run into, even if the symptoms from a user’s point of view seem identical. Different problems with different roots that appeared in different LibO versions might have to be fixed by different people, for different versions, and at different times. It is impossible to track that in a single bug report.

إذهب إلى Bugzilla

سجّل الدخول

If you are prompted to sign in, log in with your Bugzilla account.

المكوِّن

في المكوِّن Component، اختر المكوِّن.

If you are not sure what component your problem is about, choose the LibreOffice component. Someone will review the bug report later and will choose a more precise component. (For more information about triage, which is reviewing bugs to get the important onces to the top of the list, have a look at "BugTriage".)

If it is an urgent issue (broken parts, regression, etc.), and you are an experienced user who knows the development team, you can assign the bug report to one of the developers listed on the FindTheExpert page.

التفاصيل

إذا كان هناك قسم مكوِّن-فرعي Sub-component، حدد المكوِّن الفرعي.

If you don’t know the appropriate subcomponent, go to Components. On that page, click on the appropriate component. Read the descriptions of the all the subcomponents on the page of that component. If you don’t see a suitable subcomponent, click on Extended Help, and read the descriptions of the subcomponents on that page.

Choose the version of the application in which the bug appeared. To check what version of LibreOffice you are using, select Help ▸ About LibreOffice

In Operating system or OS, choose the operating system of the computer you were using when you met the bug.

إذا كان هناك قسم عتاد Hardware، إملأه.

If there is a Severity section, ignore it unless you are experienced. Selecting Blocker will not get the bug fixed faster. If you want to know the definitions of the items in the Severity section, see this chart.

You can ignore the section latest known-working version.

الموضوع Subject

Check in possibly related Bugs table on the bug-reporting page and additionally in the Duplicates Table to see whether the problem really has not been reported yet.

In the Subject section (also known as the Summary):

  • Do not include information already known from the fields.
  • Include the names of subcomponents from Components.
    • Make the subcomponents uppercase.
    • If the subcomponent can be confused with parts of a word (for example, UI is part of the word quit), surround the subcomponent with square brackets.
    • Use at most two subcomponents.
    • Use subcomponents exactly as they appear in the list, but you may integrate them into the subject line sentence like “WIKIHELP [UI] not available in all languages”.
  • Summarize the problem fairly precisely.
    • bad example: “File is broken”
    • better example: “Menu File > Save as not available (greyed out)”
  • Avoid short forms like “doesn’t” or “isn’t” to ease queries for strings in the Summary; instead, use the full form, such as “does not” or “is not”.
  • If the problem written in the report is that LibreOffice crashes or stops responding (“hangs”), add the word CRASH to the Summary, so that these bugs can be located and tracked easily.

الوصف والمُرفَقات

In the Long Description or Description section, give a lengthier, factual description of the problem:

  • list the steps to reproduce the bug;
  • use a numbered list; and
  • state the exact method to make something happen. For example, instead of writing “Open document”, write instead “In new empty LibO Spreadsheet document, use menu File > Open (LibO dialog) > file type “Text documents” > select attached sample document > double click”.

If you’re using a pre-built LibreOffice on Linux, list the exact versions of LibreOffice packages in your package management system. If you’re using Windows, list the exact filename of the installer, and from where it was downloaded.

  • Including information about installed and used localization (UI language, document language) might be useful.
  • Include whether a 32-bit LibreOffice is used on a 64-bit (Linux) system.
  • Include the package source if it’s not the official LibreOffice build.

Write the expected behavior and the actual behavior.

You can include an attachment, such as a screenshot or a sample document. The typical way to take a screenshot is to press the "Print Screen/PrtScn" button on your keyboard. Depending on your operating system, you might have to then open an image editing application (such as Paint on Windows) and do Edit - Paste in it.

  • If you create screenshots, switch the language to English before making the screenshot. You can do so in Tools ▸ Options ▸ Language Settings ▸ Languages.
  • You can make screenshots more useful by adding comments and marking relevant areas with LibreOffice Draw.
  • If you want to attach more than one screenshot, you should collect them all in one document (copy / paste to a LibreOffice Draw document) and attach as a PDF. Please add a short comment to each screenshot to tell what you want to demonstrate with it.
  • If you attach a sample document that exhibits the bug you are reporting, please make the document as minimal as possible. For example, for Writer bugs, the document should ideally have just a single paragraph. To make it easy to find the text from your document in debug tracing, use some very easily recognizable text, like AAAAAAAAAA ₂ ZZZZZZZZZZ for a bug that is triggered by that character.
  • It is preferable to upload attachments individually. However, if you want to attach more than half a dozen documents, create a .zip file containing all documents and attach that .zip.
  • If your attachment is too big to be attached in Bugzilla (bigger than 1 MB) you can use the Experimental upload page.

الحالة Status

The only time you should change the status to NEW is, if someone already confirmed the bug elsewhere (Ask, mailing list, some forum). In these cases, provide a link to the discussion with the confirmation.

تقديم Submit

Click Submit, and your report will be added to the Bugzilla database.

If Bugzilla seems daunting

If the Bugzilla bug tracking system seems daunting or too hard to understand, you should post your problem here:

Even if you post your problem on those channels, your goal should be to get a good bug report on bugzilla. These channels might help you with that. Note, that reporting problems on social media (Facebook, Twitter etc.) is not productive in general as it will rarely lead to a good bug report ending up in bugzilla (see also: 99 ways to ruin an open source project, top 5).

بعد أن تقدّم العلّة

If nobody has reviewed your report within an appropriate time (24 hours for a critical bug, 14 days for an enhancement request), consider asking someone else to reproduce your bug report on the users@global.libreoffice.org mailing list or IRC channel #libreoffice connect via webchat.

إضافة تعليقات إلى العِلّة

  • Avoid posting “me too” comments which contain no additionally useful information.
    The exception to this is when you comment on a bug that has been UNCONFIRMED so far. In that case, please provide reproduction steps (or confirm the ones given by the original reporter) and move the issue to status NEW. Note that if there are no clear reproduction steps, the issue might quickly move back to NEEDINFO, so finding a good and simple reproduction scenario is essential.
  • Refrain from adding comments along the line of “we have 1000 seats here and only this bug prevents us from migrating”, as it contains no additional information relevant to QA or to the priority of the issue.

ليبر أوفيس LibreOffice مفتوح المصدر ومساعدتك في إصلاح المشاكل المتعلقة بحالتك بالخصوص أمر مرحَّب به جداً. يمكنك:

  • Employ and/or teach your own developers to work on LibreOffice. We are most happy to mentor them: see the developer’s pages.
  • Fund individuals or companies to work on specific issues - see the list of certified developers.
  • Contact The Document Foundation to help you if you have only a small amount of funding, and want to collaborate, coordinate or pool your resources with others in the same situation to fund specific fixes or enhancements.

التقارير الجيدة

الحد الأدنى للمتطلبات

  1. إصدار النظام التشغيلي/ليبر أوفيس؛
  2. خطوات مرقمة قابلة لإعادة التوليد؛
  3. مرفَقات بسيطة حيثما كان مناسباً؛ و
  4. النتائج الملحوظة/المتوقعَة.

أمثلة جيدة

  • tdf#85004 - Writer: Crash when clicking the Reminder icon on the Navigation toolbar
  • tdf#87907 - DIALOG: Page preview in print dialog refreshes when opening print details
  • tdf#74839 - EDITING: Position of connectors connected to a group aren't updated when editing group content

أمثلة لتقارير أقل جودة

Reports can be less than ideal for a number of reasons. Below are some of the common problems:

قِطَع النص

Describing a bug report in paragraphs of text is one of the most common problems. Developers do not have the time to read paragraphs of text. Clear, succinct, enumerated steps are always better.

تقرير واحد، خَمس عِلَل

One report should only have a single bug in it. Grouping bugs, or listing a whole list of issues with a single document, is utterly unhelpful. In order to find developers to tackle issues, it is best to give them a single issue to focus on. They are unlikely to take on a bug that has multiple issues listed

تفاصيل/خطوات مفقودة

All bug reports should have at minimum:

bzip2 /tmp/strace.log

إضافة معلومات زائدة

Adding a lot of extra details that aren’t relevant is another common problem. Examples include:

cd /opt/libreoffice/program

strace32 -o /tmp/strace.log -f -tt -s 512 ./soffice.bin

مرفَقات معقَّدة

Attachments should be as simple as possible. Take the time to prune your examples to the bare minimum. This helps tremendously in diagnosing problems.

إفتراض أنّ المساهمين يعرفون كلّ شيء

لا تفترض أنّ المساهمين يعرفون كلّ شيء تتحدث عنه. صِف خطواتك بوضوح، كلّ خطوة لوحدها.

مزيد من المعلومات